FIBER

The Climapsule technology consists of applying advanced heat management or so called phase change materials in key areas where the greatest body heat development is accumulated during hot and humid conditions. These are patented fabrics, originally developed in the aerospace field for NASA to protect astronauts from extreme temperatures in space, which are able to absorb, store and release heat intelligently: in the event of excess body temperature the heat is absorbed, when it lowers it is released. This is allowed by microcapsules incorporated in the fibers and protected by a polymer membrane that guarantees a long duration. Unlike other fabrics, it is not based on capillarity and the expulsion of sweat from the skin, but it intervenes first, reducing the emission itself and balancing the temperature.


This is a high-performance yarn in terms of breathability, insulation and lightness. During situations of non-intensive activities, it allows the heat to evaporate outwards, in the form of steam, however during intensive activities, thanks to the low coefficient absorption of liquids (hydrophobic action) and the triboelectric action, the sweat produced in the form of liquid is transferred from the warmest part (skin) to the coldest part towards the outside, always keeping the skin dry and the temperature constant. The thermoregulation is favored by the very low thermal conductivity which makes it more insulating than wool. Therefore results as a barrier towards the outside climate but yet at the same time breathable keeping the skin warm in winter and cool in summer. Body temperature management is an important factor in sports performance: the body produces more heat under stress, ranging from 1-1.5 kcal per minute to 6-7, up to 15-20 kcal per minute, depending on the sport. To this, adding the variation of the temperature from the external environment in relation to which, the body reacts by dissipating heat, especially in the form of steam above 18 °C. Under extreme conditions of high humidity and external ambient temperatures, the body loses heat through skin vasodilatation (resulting in increased blood flow to the skin) and increased sweat production. The muscles will therefore have a lower blood supply which consequent to lack of oxygen. Another fundamental characteristic is lightness, due to its low specific weight, without sacrificing comfort and thermal insulation.


The Puresilver technology consists in the application of a nylon wire with 99.9% pure silver incorporated, whose properties have been verified by clinical tests carried out by several universities (State of Pennsylvania, Cornell, New York, Namsa and Tokai) and used by the special forces USA, NASA, Olympic athletes and in the medical field. It is not a chemical product nor a nanotechnology, but simply silver whose properties will remain even after several washing cycles (tested on 250), being irreversibly bonded to a polymer, all in one with the fiber and not treated superficially. Soft and flexible, it eliminates bacteria, fungus and consequently bad smells that arise in combination with sweat (reduction of up to 99.9% in 1h). Due to the catalyst effect, the higher the heat and humidity, the more effective it is. Sweat, in combination with air, oxidizes silver which releases positive ions attracted by negatively charged bacteria. By entering the cell membrane, they attack the DNA, inhibiting proliferation and mutation. It has a thermoregulatory function and thanks to its thermal conductivity that allows to dissipate excess heat. Antistatic, it absorbs and neutralizes surface electrostatic charges.


The Charcoal fiber technology consists in the application of a thred, the results from the union of textile fibers with a continuous yarn based on active carbon. Antistatic, it protects the body from the negative effects of electrostatic charges and, thanks to its high conductivity, favors the evaporation of sweat, balancing the temperature with a pleasant sensation of well-being. The lower increase in body temperature results in lower oxygen requirements and a reduction in heartbeats and lactic acid. These properties directly affect performance, reducing fatigue and increasing energy, especially in situations of high temperatures and endurance tests. Bacteriostatic, eliminates odors.


Q2 yarn is a polyamide based on FIR, Far Infrared Rays. The body’s heat is absorbed through the bioactive minerals (active bioceramic crystals) contained in the fibers and is naturally returned to the surface layer of the skin in the form of distant, harmless and imperceptible infrared rays, which penetrate the skin, stimulating blood microcirculation and improving athletic performance (if you wear the garment 30 minutes before the activity) and accelerating muscle recovery (if you wear the garment at least 6 hours after the sport exercise). A patented technology, scientifically tested through internationally recognized protocols and conducted by independent laboratories. Incorporated in the fiber, it maintains its effectiveness, even after an unlimited number of washes. Certified OEKO-TEX® CLASS I is safe to use.


The sheep from which merino wool is obtained, live in environments with strong temperature fluctuations, such as wind, humidity and parasite proliferation, so they have developed particular characteristics for a perfect adaptation to this climate. The fiber is externally covered with overlapping scales (such as roof tiles), which prevent the spread of bacteria, parasites, mold and odors, as well as acting as an anchor between neighboring fibers. These, together with the numerous elastic corrugations, give the curl, whose structure allows the air to be incorporated (excellent insulation), without releasing it towards the outside. An excellent thermal insulator, which insulates the parts inside it, without losing excess heat, but maintaining the heat produced by the body. In summer, it prevents external heat from coming into contact with the body, while in winter, it prevents body heat from dissipating into the environment. Merino wool has a remarkable breathability and hygroscopic power: absorbing moisture and transporting it to the core of the fibre of up to 33% of its specific weight, leaving the surface dry and without any sensation of moisture. The friction generated by the rubbing movement between these 2 types of cells forms the nucleus, in this mechanical transfer process, which also helps to “clean” the cell. Bacteria and unpleasant odors are thus eliminated. Keratin, the natural protein of wool, also helps this antibacterial action. Merino wool even if wet, because of sweat, continues to produce heat. During absorption, through the exothermic process (a transformation that involves a transfer of heat from the system to the environment), the proteins contained in the fibres heat up as soon as they get wet. This happens until the fibres are saturated with moisture, so it is advisable to wear the garment completely dry. It has elastic properties (ability to stretch and shorten to its original size without breaking) and is resistant, able to resume its original shape after being subjected to bending and tension. Compared to normal wool, with a diameter greater than 25 microns, after which the skin begins to become irritated, has a diameter of less than 20 microns, which allows it to give a pleasant sensation of softness and to adapt perfectly to the body even during movements. In fact, fibres larger than 25 microns (e.g. hair is 30 microns), when they come into contact with the skin, not curling up, irritate the hair follicles causing a feeling of discomfort. It dries quickly, it is electrostatic, natural, sustainable and very light (weight).
Washing: it is recommended to use detergents that do not contain softeners or enzyme proteases (contained for example in normal wool detergents). These enzymes can divide and damage the protein molecules of the finest merino wool, leading to swelling of the fibres and felting. A rinse after each wash is recommended to remove all detergent residues. If these are not removed, bacteria may attack and lose their anti-odour properties.


Soft, warm, dry and durable. Made with ultra-thin, waterproof fibers, it dries 20% faster than merino wool, ensuring high breathability and sweat release. Despite its light weight and low volume, Primaloft guarantees warmth during the coldest seasons.


Multifilament elastic fiber, soft to the touch, which ensures freedom of movement and adaptability to the body. It keeps the body warm and dry thanks to the thermal insulation created by the hollow core between its filaments and the principle of capillarity that transports moisture to the outside where it evaporates.
It is an intelligent fabric that regulates itself supporting the thermoregulation even in extreme climatic conditions.